Pub. online:23 Mar 2020Type:Research ArticleOpen Access
Volume 31, Issue 1 (2020), pp. 21–34
The best-worst method (BWM) is a multi-criteria decision-making method which works based on a pairwise comparison system. Using such a systematic pairwise comparison enhances consistency and reliability of results. The BWM results in single solution when there are two or three criteria, and for problems with fully-consistent systems, with any number of criteria. To obtain the weights of criteria for not fully-consistent comparison systems with more than three criteria, there may be a multiple optimal solution. Although multiple optimality may be desirable in some cases, in other cases, decision-makers prefer to have a unique optimal solution. This study proposes new models which result in a unique solution. The proposed models have less constraints in comparison with the previous models.
Pub. online:1 Jan 2018Type:Research ArticleOpen Access
Volume 29, Issue 2 (2018), pp. 265–280
In the discrete form of multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) problems, we are usually confronted with a decision-matrix formed from the information of some alternatives on some criteria. In this study, a new method is proposed for simultaneous evaluation of criteria and alternatives (SECA) in an MCDM problem. For making this type of evaluation, a multi-objective non-linear programming model is formulated. The model is based on maximization of the overall performance of alternatives with consideration of the variation information of decision-matrix within and between criteria. The standard deviation is used to measure the within-criterion, and the correlation is utilized to consider the between-criterion variation information. By solving the multi-objective model, we can determine the overall performance scores of alternatives and the objective weights of criteria simultaneously. To validate the proposed method, a numerical example is used, and three analyses are made. Firstly, we analyse the objective weights determined by the method, secondly, the stability of the performance scores and ranking results are examined, and finally, the ranking results of the proposed method are compared with those of some existing MCDM methods. The results of the analyses show that the proposed method is efficient to deal with MCDM problems.
Volume 26, Issue 3 (2015), pp. 435–451
An effective way for managing and controlling a large number of inventory items or stock keeping units (SKUs) is the inventory classification. Traditional ABC analysis which based on only a single criterion is commonly used for classification of SKUs. However, we should consider inventory classification as a multi-criteria problem in practice. In this study, a new method of Evaluation based on Distance from Average Solution (EDAS) is introduced for multi-criteria inventory classification (MCIC) problems. In the proposed method, we use positive and negative distances from the average solution for appraising alternatives (SKUs). To represent performance of the proposed method in MCIC problems, we use a common example with 47 SKUs. Comparing the results of the proposed method with some existing methods shows the good performance of it in ABC classification. The proposed method can also be used for multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) problems. A comparative analysis is also made for showing the validity and stability of the proposed method in MCDM problems. We compare the proposed method with VIKOR, TOPSIS, SAW and COPRAS methods using an example. Seven sets of criteria weights and Spearman’s correlation coefficient are used for this analysis. The results show that the proposed method is stable in different weights and well consistent with the other methods.