Blockchain is a decentralized database, which can protect the safety of trade and avoid double payment. Due to the widespread attention of researchers, the studies of this field have increased sharply in recent years. It is meaningful to reveal the development level and trends based on this literature. This paper adopts bibliometric methods to study the collaboration characteristics from the levels of author, institution and country. Furthermore, several kinds of collaboration networks and their centrality analysis are also presented, which not only display the development level and collaboration degree but also the evolution of author collaboration modes in different phases.
The objective of the paper is to introduce a novel approach using the multi-attribute border approximation area comparison (MABAC) approach under intuitionistic fuzzy sets (IFSs) to solve the smartphone selection problem with incomplete weights or completely unknown weights. A novel discrimination measure of IFSs is proposed to calculate criteria weights. In view of the fact that the ambiguity is an unavoidable feature of multiple-criteria decision-making (MCDM) problems, the proposed approach is an innovative process in the decision-making under uncertain settings. To express the utility and strength of the developed approach for solving problems in the area of MCDM, a smartphone selection problem is demonstrated. To validate the IF-MABAC approach, a comparative discussion is made between the outcomes of the developed and those of the existing methods. The outcomes of analysis demonstrate that the introduced method is well-ordered and effective with the existing ones.
Clinics and hospitals have already adopted more technological resources to provide a faster and more precise diagnostic for patients, health care providers, and institutes of medicine. Security issues get more and more important in medical services via communication resources such as Wireless-Fidelity (Wi-Fi), third generation of mobile telecommunications technology (3G), and other mobile devices to connect medical systems from anywhere. Furthermore, cloud-based medical systems allow users to access archived medical images from anywhere. In order to protect medical images, lossless data hiding methods are efficient and easy techniques. In this paper, we present a data hiding of two-tier medical images based on histogram shifting of prediction errors. The median histogram shifting technique and prediction error schemes as the two-tier hiding have high capacity and PSNR in 16-bit medical images.
To solve the problem of choosing the appropriate cloud computing vendors in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), this paper boils it down to a group decision making (GDM) problem. To facilitate the judgment, this paper uses preference relation as the decision making technology. Considering the situation where uncertain positive and negative judgments exist simultaneously, interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy preference relations (IVIFPRs) are employed to express the decision makers’ judgments. In view of the multiplicative consistency and consensus analysis, a new GDM algorithm with IVIFPRs is offered. To accomplish this goal, a new multiplicative consistency is first defined, which can avoid the limitations of the previous ones. Then, a programming model is built to check the consistency of IVIFPRs. To deal with incomplete IVIFPRs, two programming models are constructed to determine the missing values with the goal of maximizing the level of multiplicative consistency and minimizing the total uncertainty. To achieve the minimum adjustment of original preference information, a programming model is established to repair inconsistent IVIFPRs. In addition, programming models for getting the decision makers (DMs)’ weights and improving the consensus degree are offered. Finally, a practical decision making example is given to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method and to compare it with previous methods.
Picture fuzzy sets (PFSs) utilize the positive, neutral, negative and refusal membership degrees to describe the behaviours of decision-makers in more detail. In this article, we expound the application of extended TODIM based on cumulative prospect theory under picture fuzzy multiple attribute group decision making (MAGDM). In addition, we adopt Information Entropy, which is used to ascertain the weighting vector of attributes to improve the availability of the TODIM method. At last, we exercise the improved TODIM into a numerical case for super market location and testify the effectiveness of this new method by comparing its results with other methods’ results.
A p-rung orthopair fuzzy set (p-ROFS) describes a generalization of intuitionistic fuzzy set and Pythagorean fuzzy set in the case where we face a larger representation space of acceptable membership grades, and moreover, it gives a decision maker more flexibility in expressing his/her real preferences. Under the p-rung orthopair fuzzy environment, we are going to propose a novel and parametrized score function of p-ROFSs by incorporating the idea of weighted average of the degree of membership and non-membership functions. In view of this fact, this study is further undertaken to investigate and present different properties of the proposed score function for p-ROFSs. Moreover, we indicate that this ranking technique reduces some of the drawbacks of the existing ones. Eventually, we develop an approach based on the above-mentioned ranking technique to deal with multiple criteria decision making problems with p-rung orthopair fuzzy information.
In this paper, the CODAS (Combinative Distance-based Assessment) is utilized to address some MAGDM issues by using picture 2-tuple linguistic numbers (P2TLNs). At first, some essential concepts of picture 2-tuple linguistic sets (P2TLSs) are briefly reviewed. Then, the CODAS method with P2TLNs is constructed and all calculating procedures are simply depicted. Eventually, an empirical application of green supplier selection has been offered to demonstrate this novel method and some comparative analysis between the CODAS method with P2TLNs and several methods are also made to confirm the merits of the developed method.