Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) were popular in ImageNet large scale visual recognition competition (ILSVRC 2012) because of their identification ability and computational efficiency. This paper proposes a palm vein recognition method based on CNN. The four main steps of palm vein recognition are image acquisition, image preprocessing, feature extraction, and matching. To reduce the processing steps in the recognition of palm vein images, a palm vein recognition method using a CNN is proposed. CNN is a deep learning network. Palm vein images are acquired using near-infrared light, under which the veins in the palm of the hand are relatively prominent. To obtain a good vein image, many previous methods used preprocessing to further enhance the image before using feature extraction to find feature matches for further comparison. In recent years, CNNs have been shown to have great advantages and have performed well in image classification. To reduce early-stage image processing, a CNN is used to classify and recognize palm vein images. The networks AlexNet and VGG depth CNN were trained to extract image features. The palm vein recognition rates by VGG-19, VGG-16, and AlexNet were 98.5%, 97.5%, and 96%, respectively.
A proper CNC machine selection problem is an important issue for manufacturing companies under competitive market conditions. The selection of an improper machine tool can cause many problems such as production capabilities and productivity indicators considering time and money industrially and practically. In this paper, a comprehensive solution approach is presented for the CNC machine tool selection problem according to the determined criteria. Seven main and thirteen sub-criteria were determined for the evaluation of the seven alternatives. To purify the selection process from subjectivity, instead of a single decision-maker, the opinions of six different experts on the importance of the criteria were taken and evaluated using the Best-Worst method. According to the evaluations, the order of importance of the main criteria has been determined as cost, productivity, flexibility, and dimensions. After the weighting of the criteria, three different ranking methods (GRA, COPRAS, and MULTIMOORA) were preferred due to the high investment costs of the selected alternatives. The findings obtained by solving the problem of selection of the CNC machine are close to those obtained by past researchers. As a result, using the suggested methodology, effective alternative decision-making solutions are obtained.
There exist various types of similarity measures for intuitionistic fuzzy sets in the literature. However, in many studies the interactions among the elements are ignored in the construction of the similarity measure. This paper presents a cosine similarity measure for intuitionistic fuzzy sets by using a Choquet integral model in which the interactions between elements are considered. The proposed similarity measure is applied to some pattern recognition problems and the results are compared with some existing results to demonstrate the effectiveness of this new similarity measure.
From the perspective of multiple attribute decision analysis, the evaluation of decision alternatives should be based on the performance scores determined with respect to more than one attribute. Fuzzy logic concepts can equip the evaluation process with different scales of linguistic terms to let the decision-makers point out their ideas and preferences. A more recent one of fuzzy sets is the picture fuzzy set which covers three separately allocable elements: positive, neutral, and negative membership degrees. The novel and distinctive element included by a picture fuzzy set is the refusal degree which is equal to the difference between 1 and the sum of the other three. In this study, we aim to contribute to the literature of the picture fuzzy sets by (i) proposing two novel entropy measures that can be used in objective attribute weighting and (ii) developing a novel picture fuzzy version of CODAS (COmbinative Distance-based ASsessment) method which is empowered with entropy-based attribute weighting. The applicability of the method is shown in a green supplier selection problem. To clarify the differences of the proposed method, a comparative analysis is provided by considering traditional CODAS, spherical fuzzy CODAS, and spherical fuzzy TOPSIS with different entropy-based scenarios.
Consensus creation is a complex challenge in decision making for conflicting or quasi-conflicting evaluator groups. The problem is even more difficult to solve, if one or more respondents are non-expert and provide uncertain or hesitant responses in a survey. This paper presents a methodological approach, the Interval-valued Spherical Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process, with the objective to handle both types of problems simultaneously; considering hesitant scoring and synthesizing different stakeholder group opinions by a mathematical procedure. Interval-valued spherical fuzzy sets are superior to the other extensions with a more flexible characterization of membership function. Interval-valued spherical fuzzy sets are employed for incorporating decision makers’ judgements about the membership functions of a fuzzy set into the model with an interval instead of a single point. In the paper, Interval-valued spherical fuzzy AHP method has been applied to public transportation problem. Public transport development is an appropriate case study to introduce the new model and analyse the results due to the involvement of three classically conflicting stakeholder groups: passengers, non-passenger citizens and the representatives of the local municipality. Data from a real-world survey conducted recently in the Turkish big city, Mersin, help in understanding the new concept. As comparison, all likenesses and differences of the outputs have been pointed out in the reflection with the picture fuzzy AHP computation of the same data. The results are demonstrated and analysed in detail and the step-by-step description of the procedure might foment other applications of the model.
Picture fuzzy sets (PFSs) utilize the positive, neutral, negative and refusal membership degrees to describe the behaviours of decision-makers in more detail. In this article, we expound the application of extended TODIM based on cumulative prospect theory under picture fuzzy multiple attribute group decision making (MAGDM). In addition, we adopt Information Entropy, which is used to ascertain the weighting vector of attributes to improve the availability of the TODIM method. At last, we exercise the improved TODIM into a numerical case for super market location and testify the effectiveness of this new method by comparing its results with other methods’ results.
A p-rung orthopair fuzzy set (p-ROFS) describes a generalization of intuitionistic fuzzy set and Pythagorean fuzzy set in the case where we face a larger representation space of acceptable membership grades, and moreover, it gives a decision maker more flexibility in expressing his/her real preferences. Under the p-rung orthopair fuzzy environment, we are going to propose a novel and parametrized score function of p-ROFSs by incorporating the idea of weighted average of the degree of membership and non-membership functions. In view of this fact, this study is further undertaken to investigate and present different properties of the proposed score function for p-ROFSs. Moreover, we indicate that this ranking technique reduces some of the drawbacks of the existing ones. Eventually, we develop an approach based on the above-mentioned ranking technique to deal with multiple criteria decision making problems with p-rung orthopair fuzzy information.