Blockchain is a decentralized database, which can protect the safety of trade and avoid double payment. Due to the widespread attention of researchers, the studies of this field have increased sharply in recent years. It is meaningful to reveal the development level and trends based on this literature. This paper adopts bibliometric methods to study the collaboration characteristics from the levels of author, institution and country. Furthermore, several kinds of collaboration networks and their centrality analysis are also presented, which not only display the development level and collaboration degree but also the evolution of author collaboration modes in different phases.
Picture fuzzy sets (PFSs) utilize the positive, neutral, negative and refusal membership degrees to describe the behaviours of decision-makers in more detail. In this article, we expound the application of extended TODIM based on cumulative prospect theory under picture fuzzy multiple attribute group decision making (MAGDM). In addition, we adopt Information Entropy, which is used to ascertain the weighting vector of attributes to improve the availability of the TODIM method. At last, we exercise the improved TODIM into a numerical case for super market location and testify the effectiveness of this new method by comparing its results with other methods’ results.
A p-rung orthopair fuzzy set (p-ROFS) describes a generalization of intuitionistic fuzzy set and Pythagorean fuzzy set in the case where we face a larger representation space of acceptable membership grades, and moreover, it gives a decision maker more flexibility in expressing his/her real preferences. Under the p-rung orthopair fuzzy environment, we are going to propose a novel and parametrized score function of p-ROFSs by incorporating the idea of weighted average of the degree of membership and non-membership functions. In view of this fact, this study is further undertaken to investigate and present different properties of the proposed score function for p-ROFSs. Moreover, we indicate that this ranking technique reduces some of the drawbacks of the existing ones. Eventually, we develop an approach based on the above-mentioned ranking technique to deal with multiple criteria decision making problems with p-rung orthopair fuzzy information.