Consensus creation is a complex challenge in decision making for conflicting or quasi-conflicting evaluator groups. The problem is even more difficult to solve, if one or more respondents are non-expert and provide uncertain or hesitant responses in a survey. This paper presents a methodological approach, the Interval-valued Spherical Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process, with the objective to handle both types of problems simultaneously; considering hesitant scoring and synthesizing different stakeholder group opinions by a mathematical procedure. Interval-valued spherical fuzzy sets are superior to the other extensions with a more flexible characterization of membership function. Interval-valued spherical fuzzy sets are employed for incorporating decision makers’ judgements about the membership functions of a fuzzy set into the model with an interval instead of a single point. In the paper, Interval-valued spherical fuzzy AHP method has been applied to public transportation problem. Public transport development is an appropriate case study to introduce the new model and analyse the results due to the involvement of three classically conflicting stakeholder groups: passengers, non-passenger citizens and the representatives of the local municipality. Data from a real-world survey conducted recently in the Turkish big city, Mersin, help in understanding the new concept. As comparison, all likenesses and differences of the outputs have been pointed out in the reflection with the picture fuzzy AHP computation of the same data. The results are demonstrated and analysed in detail and the step-by-step description of the procedure might foment other applications of the model.
As an extension of intuitionistic fuzzy sets, picture fuzzy sets can deal with vague, uncertain, incomplete and inconsistent information. The similarity measure is an important technique to distinguish two objects. In this study, a similarity measure between picture fuzzy sets based on relationship matrix is proposed. The new similarity measure satisfies the axiomatic definition of similarity measure. It can be testified from a numerical experiment that the new similarity measure is more effective. Finally, we apply the proposed similarity measure to multiple-attribute decision making.
This work compares different algorithms to replace the genetic optimizer used in a recent methodology for creating realistic and computationally efficient neuron models. That method focuses on single-neuron processing and has been applied to cerebellar granule cells. It relies on the adaptive-exponential integrate-and-fire (AdEx) model, which must be adjusted with experimental data. The alternatives considered are: i) a memetic extension of the original genetic method, ii) Differential Evolution, iii) Teaching-Learning-Based Optimization, and iv) a local optimizer within a multi-start procedure. All of them ultimately outperform the original method, and the last two do it in all the scenarios considered.
The paper deals with the causality perspective of the Enterprise Architecture (EA) frameworks. The analysis showed that there is a gap between the capabilities of EA frameworks and the behavioural characteristics of the real world domain (enterprise management activities). The contribution of research is bridging the gap between enterprise domain knowledge and EA framework content by the integration of meta-models as part of EA structures. Meta-models that cover not only simple process flows, but also business behaviour, i.e. causality of the domain, have been developed. Meta-models enable to create a layer of knowledge in the EA framework, which ensures smart EA development, allows validation of developer decisions. Two levels of the enterprise causal modelling were obtained. The first level uses the Management Transaction (MT) framework. At the second level, deep knowledge was revealed using a framework called the Elementary Management Cycle (EMC). These two causal frameworks were applied here to justify the causal meta-models of the EA. The new concepts Collapsed Capability, Capability Type and Capability Role which meaningfully complement MODAF with causal knowledge are introduced. Strategic Viewpoint (StV) modelling using causal meta-models is described in detail and illustrated in the case study. The example provided shows a principled way that causal knowledge supports the verification and validation of EA solutions. The presented method provides an opportunity to move the EA development to smart platforms.
In the family of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), Multimodal Transport Systems (MMTS) have placed themselves as a mainstream transportation mean of our time as a feasible integrative transportation process. The Global Economy progressed with the help of transportation. The volume of goods and distances covered have doubled in the last ten years, so there is a high demand of an optimized transportation, fast but with low costs, saving resources but also safe, with low or zero emissions. Thus, it is important to have an overview of existing research in this field, to know what has already been done and what is to be studied next. The main objective is to explore a beneficent selection of the existing research, methods and information in the field of multimodal transportation research, to identify industry needs and research gaps and provide context for future research. The selective survey covers multimodal transport design and optimization in terms of: cost, time, and network topology. The multimodal transport theoretical aspects, context and resources are also covering various aspects. The survey‘s selection includes currently existing best methods and solvers for Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). The gap between theory and real-world applications should be further solved in order to optimize the global multimodal transportation system.
In this work, we perform an extensive theoretical and experimental analysis of the characteristics of five of the most prominent algebraic modelling languages (AMPL, AIMMS, GAMS, JuMP, and Pyomo) and modelling systems supporting them. In our theoretical comparison, we evaluate how the reviewed modern algebraic modelling languages match the current requirements. In the experimental analysis, we use a purpose-built test model library to perform extensive benchmarks. We provide insights on which algebraic modelling languages performed the best and the features that we deem essential in the current mathematical optimization landscape. Finally, we highlight possible future research directions for this work.
Voting systems are as useful as people are willing to use them. Although many electronic election schemes have been proposed through the years, and some real case scenarios have been tested, people still do not trust electronic voting. Voting is not only about technological challenges but also about credibility, therefore, we propose a voting system focused on trust. We introduce political parties as active partners in the elections as a mechanism to encourage more traditional electors to participate. The system we propose here preserves elector’s privacy, it operates publicly through a blockchain and it is auditable by third parties.
In this work, we propose a novel framework based on Generative Adversarial Networks for pose face augmentation (PFA-GAN). It enables a controlled pose synthesis of a new face image from a source face given a driving one while preserving the identity of the source face. We introduce a method for training the framework in a fully self-supervised mode using a large-scale dataset of unconstrained face images. Besides, some augmentation strategies are presented to expand the training set. The face verification experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the presented augmentation strategies as all augmented datasets outperform the baseline.
Industry 4.0 solutions are composed of autonomous engineered systems where heterogeneous agents act in a choreographed manner to create complex workflows. Agents work at low-level in a flexible and independent manner, and their actions and behaviour may be sparsely manipulated. Besides, agents such as humans tend to show a very dynamic behaviour and processes may be executed in a very anarchic, but correct way. Thus, innovative, and more flexible control techniques are required. In this work, supervisory control techniques are employed to guarantee a correct execution of distributed and choreographed processes in Industry 4.0 scenarios. At prosumer level, processes are represented using soft models where logic rules and deformation indicators are used to analyse the correctness of executions. These logic rules are verified using specific engines at business level. These engines are fed with deformation metrics obtained through tensor deformation functions at production level. To apply deformation functions, processes are represented as discrete flexible solids in a phase space, under external forces representing the variations in every task’s inputs. The proposed solution presents two main novelties and original contributions. On the one hand, the innovative use of soft models and deformation indicators allows the implementation of this control solution not only in traditional industrial scenarios where rigid procedures are followed, but also in other future engineered applications. On the other hand, the original integration of logic rules and events makes possible to control any kind of device, including those which do not have an explicit control plane or interface. Finally, to evaluate the performance of the proposed solution, an experimental validation using a real pervasive computing infrastructure is carried out.
It is a challenging task to prevent the staircase effect and simultaneously preserve sharp edges in image inpainting. For this purpose, we present a novel nonconvex extension model that closely incorporates the advantages of total generalized variation and edge-enhancing nonconvex penalties. This improvement contributes to achieve the more natural restoration that exhibits smooth transitions without penalizing fine details. To efficiently seek the optimal solution of the resulting variational model, we develop a fast primal-dual method by combining the iteratively reweighted algorithm. Several experimental results, with respect to visual effects and restoration accuracy, show the excellent image inpainting performance of our proposed strategy over the existing powerful competitors.