Clinics and hospitals have already adopted more technological resources to provide a faster and more precise diagnostic for patients, health care providers, and institutes of medicine. Security issues get more and more important in medical services via communication resources such as Wireless-Fidelity (Wi-Fi), third generation of mobile telecommunications technology (3G), and other mobile devices to connect medical systems from anywhere. Furthermore, cloud-based medical systems allow users to access archived medical images from anywhere. In order to protect medical images, lossless data hiding methods are efficient and easy techniques. In this paper, we present a data hiding of two-tier medical images based on histogram shifting of prediction errors. The median histogram shifting technique and prediction error schemes as the two-tier hiding have high capacity and PSNR in 16-bit medical images.
Pub. online:1 Jan 2014Type:Research ArticleOpen Access
Volume 25, Issue 3 (2014), pp. 425–437
This paper introduces a comparison of one linear and two nonlinear one-step-ahead predictive models that were used to describe the relationship between human emotional signals (excitement, frustration, and engagement/boredom) and virtual dynamic stimulus (virtual 3D face with changing distance-between-eyes). An input–output model building method is proposed that allows building a stable model with the smallest output prediction error. Validation was performed using the recorded signals of four volunteers. Validation results of the models showed that all three models predict emotional signals in relatively high prediction accuracy.
Pub. online:1 Jan 2008Type:Research ArticleOpen Access
Volume 19, Issue 4 (2008), pp. 477–486
In this paper we propose and analyze a multilayer perceptron-like model with matrix inputs. We applied the proposed model to the financial time series prediction problem, compared it with the standard multilayer perceptron model, and got fairly good results.
Pub. online:1 Jan 1999Type:Research ArticleOpen Access
Volume 10, Issue 2 (1999), pp. 231–244
In this paper two popular time series prediction methods – the Auto Regression Moving Average (ARMA) and the multilayer perceptron (MLP) – are compared while forecasting seven real world economical time series. It is shown that the prediction accuracy of both methods is poor in ill-structured problems. In the well-structured cases, when prediction accuracy is high, the MLP predicts better providing lower mean prediction error.