Volume 34, Issue 3 (2023), pp. 665–677
Due to the complexity and lack of transparency of recent advances in artificial intelligence, Explainable AI (XAI) emerged as a solution to enable the development of causal image-based models. This study examines shadow detection across several fields, including computer vision and visual effects. Three-fold approaches were used to construct a diverse dataset, integrate structural causal models with shadow detection, and apply interventions simultaneously for detection and inferences. While confounding factors have only a minimal impact on cause identification, this study illustrates how shadow detection enhances understanding of both causal inference and confounding variables.