Pub. online:1 Jan 2016Type:Research ArticleOpen Access
Volume 27, Issue 1 (2016), pp. 67–84
This paper proposes a novel approach to light plane labeling in depth-image sensors relying on “uncoded” structured light. The proposed approach adopts probabilistic graphical models (PGMs) to solve the correspondence problem between the projected and the detected light patterns. The procedure for solving the correspondence problem is designed to take the spatial relations between the parts of the projected pattern and prior knowledge about the structure of the pattern into account, but it also exploits temporal information to achieve reliable light-plane labeling. The procedure is assessed on a database of light patterns detected with a specially developed imaging sensor that, unlike most existing solutions on the market, was shown to work reliably in outdoor environments as well as in the presence of other identical (active) sensors directed at the same scene. The results of our experiments show that the proposed approach is able to reliably solve the correspondence problem and assign light-plane labels to the detected pattern with a high accuracy, even when large spatial discontinuities are present in the observed scene.
Pub. online:1 Jan 2009Type:Research ArticleOpen Access
Volume 20, Issue 1 (2009), pp. 115–138
The paper presents a novel method for the extraction of facial features based on the Gabor-wavelet representation of face images and the kernel partial-least-squares discrimination (KPLSD) algorithm. The proposed feature-extraction method, called the Gabor-based kernel partial-least-squares discrimination (GKPLSD), is performed in two consecutive steps. In the first step a set of forty Gabor wavelets is used to extract discriminative and robust facial features, while in the second step the kernel partial-least-squares discrimination technique is used to reduce the dimensionality of the Gabor feature vector and to further enhance its discriminatory power. For optimal performance, the KPLSD-based transformation is implemented using the recently proposed fractional-power-polynomial models. The experimental results based on the XM2VTS and ORL databases show that the GKPLSD approach outperforms feature-extraction methods such as principal component analysis (PCA), linear discriminant analysis (LDA), kernel principal component analysis (KPCA) or generalized discriminant analysis (GDA) as well as combinations of these methods with Gabor representations of the face images. Furthermore, as the KPLSD algorithm is derived from the kernel partial-least-squares regression (KPLSR) model it does not suffer from the small-sample-size problem, which is regularly encountered in the field of face recognition.