Volume 14, Issue 4 (2003), pp. 529–540
Cataract is very frequent disease of human eye and the diagnosis of this disease is not difficult. However, it is important to describe it quantitatively, but it is difficult using only the slit lamp. Ultrasound examinations are widely used in ophthalmology. Piezoelectric crystals generate ultrasound waves of 5–50 MHz. Short pulses of 2 to 3 cycles are sent from transducer into the eye. These pulses go through the tissues of the eye with the speed that is inversely proportional to the density and elasticity of the eye. Acoustic parameters of biologic tissues are described by velocity and attenuation coefficient. It is known that in soft tissues the attenuation coefficient is approximately proportional to the frequency – high frequency components of echoes are attenuated more than the lower frequency components. Results of ultrasound attenuation characteristics of human nuclear cataract are presented. It was shown that ultrasound attenuation of nuclear cataract could be used as “second opinion” for physicians decision support.