Volume 34, Issue 4 (2023), pp. 771–794
The quality of the input data is amongst the decisive factors affecting the speed and effectiveness of recurrent neural network (RNN) learning. We present here a novel methodology to select optimal training data (those with the highest learning capacity) by approaching the problem from a decision making point of view. The key idea, which underpins the design of the mathematical structure that supports the selection, is to define first a binary relation that gives preference to inputs with higher estimator abilities. The Von Newman Morgenstern theorem (VNM), a cornerstone of decision theory, is then applied to determine the level of efficiency of the training dataset based on the probability of success derived from a purpose-designed framework based on Markov networks. To the best of the author’s knowledge, this is the first time that this result has been applied to data selection tasks. Hence, it is shown that Markov Networks, mainly known as generative models, can successfully participate in discriminative tasks when used in conjunction with the VNM theorem.
The simplicity of our design allows the selection to be carried out alongside the training. Hence, since learning progresses with only the optimal inputs, the data noise gradually disappears: the result is an improvement in the performance while minimising the likelihood of overfitting.