Pub. online:1 Jan 2017Type:Research ArticleOpen Access
Volume 28, Issue 2 (2017), pp. 237–268
Linguistic hesitant fuzzy sets (LHFSs) permit the decision maker to apply several linguistic terms with each having several membership degrees to denote his/her preference of one thing. This type of fuzzy sets can well address the qualitative and quantitative cognitions of the decision maker as well as reflect his/her hesitancy, uncertainty and inconsistency. This paper introduces a distance measure between any two LHFSs and then defines a correlation coefficient of LHFSs. Considering the application of LHFSs, the weighted distance measure and the weighted correlation coefficient of LHFSs are defined. To address the interactions between elements in a set, the Shapley weighted distance measure and the Shapley weighted correlation coefficient are presented. It is worth noting that when the elements are independent, they degenerate to the associated weighted distance measure and the weighted correlation coefficient, respectively. After that, their application to pattern recognition is studied. Furthermore, an approach to multi-attribute decision making under linguistic hesitant fuzzy environment is developed. Meanwhile, numerical examples are offered to show the concrete application of the developed procedure.
Pub. online:1 Jan 2016Type:Research ArticleOpen Access
Volume 27, Issue 4 (2016), pp. 767–798
The 2-tuple linguistic computational model is an important tool to deal with linguistic information. To extend the application of hesitant fuzzy linguistic term sets and avoid information loss, this paper introduces hesitant fuzzy 2-tuple linguistic term sets that are expressed by using several symbolic numbers in . Considering the order relationship between hesitant fuzzy 2-tuple linguistic term sets, measures of expected value and variance are defined. Meanwhile, several induced generalized hesitant fuzzy 2-tuple linguistic aggregation operators are defined, by which the comprehensive attribute values of alternatives can be obtained. Then, models for the optimal weight vector on a decision maker set, on an attribute set and on their ordered sets are constructed, respectively. Furthermore, an approach to multi-granularity group decision making with hesitant fuzzy linguistic information is developed. Finally, an example is selected to illustrate the feasibility and practicality of the proposed procedure.