In the family of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), Multimodal Transport Systems (MMTS) have placed themselves as a mainstream transportation mean of our time as a feasible integrative transportation process. The Global Economy progressed with the help of transportation. The volume of goods and distances covered have doubled in the last ten years, so there is a high demand of an optimized transportation, fast but with low costs, saving resources but also safe, with low or zero emissions. Thus, it is important to have an overview of existing research in this field, to know what has already been done and what is to be studied next. The main objective is to explore a beneficent selection of the existing research, methods and information in the field of multimodal transportation research, to identify industry needs and research gaps and provide context for future research. The selective survey covers multimodal transport design and optimization in terms of: cost, time, and network topology. The multimodal transport theoretical aspects, context and resources are also covering various aspects. The survey‘s selection includes currently existing best methods and solvers for Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). The gap between theory and real-world applications should be further solved in order to optimize the global multimodal transportation system.
Pub. online:1 Jan 2015Type:Research ArticleOpen Access
Volume 26, Issue 3 (2015), pp. 509–522
The Generalized Traveling Salesman Problem is one of a well known complex combinatorial optimization problems. Equality-Generalized Traveling Salesman Problem is a particular case of it. The main objective of the problem it is to find a minimum cost tour passing through exactly one node from each cluster of a large-scale undirected graph. Multi-agent approaches are successfully used nowadays for solving real life complex problems. The aim of the current paper is to illustrate some agent-based algorithms, including particular ant-based models and virtual robots-agents with specific properties for solving Equality-Generalized Traveling Salesman Problem.
Pub. online:1 Jan 2013Type:Research ArticleOpen Access
Volume 24, Issue 2 (2013), pp. 169–180
The Matrix Bandwidth Minimization Problem (MBMP) seeks for a simultaneous reordering of the rows and the columns of a square matrix such that the nonzero entries are collected within a band of small width close to the main diagonal. The MBMP is a NP-complete problem, with applications in many scientific domains, linear systems, artificial intelligence, and real-life situations in industry, logistics, information recovery. The complex problems are hard to solve, that is why any attempt to improve their solutions is beneficent. Genetic algorithms and ant-based systems are Soft Computing methods used in this paper in order to solve some MBMP instances. Our approach is based on a learning agent-based model involving a local search procedure. The algorithm is compared with the classical Cuthill-McKee algorithm, and with a hybrid genetic algorithm, using several instances from Matrix Market collection. Computational experiments confirm a good performance of the proposed algorithms for the considered set of MBMP instances. On Soft Computing basis, we also propose a new theoretical Reinforcement Learning model for solving the MBMP.