Pub. online:1 Jan 2017Type:Research ArticleOpen Access
Volume 28, Issue 3 (2017), pp. 485–503
Strategic management is a process of determining a business long-term objectives and the way to achieve these goals. Considering importance of strategic planning in long-term competitive power of organizations, different frameworks are proposed to formulate strategies. How to choose the best strategy is a challenging activity due to its multi criteria nature and lack of information. In this paper, a method comprised of grey DEMATEL – grey analytic network process is proposed to deal with this challenge. The proposed method considered interrelationship among factors using DEMATEL and then these relations are applied in strategy ranking by ANP. The uncertainty and lack of information is handled using grey numbers. Application of the proposed method is illustrated in an ecotourism company.
Volume 27, Issue 4 (2016), pp. 733–754
In the fierce global competition, cost, quality and customer satisfaction appears to be utmost significant. Flexible manufacturing systems (FMS) have a great potential in manufacturing both cost effective and customer based products. These systems bring us flexibility, but this flexibility accompanies cost and time. Thus, selecting suitable FMS necessitates excessive attention. The problem of FMS selection and evaluation becomes more difficult when facing multi FMSs selection problem. In this paper, we propose an integrated approach to find a suitable combination of FMSs in a multi FMSs decision making problem. Each FMS has several alternatives. Therefore, there are many possible solutions for this problem. We first identify the objective and subjective attributes. Second, Grey system theory is applied to deal with the incomplete and uncertain information of subjective data, and the objective data are extracted from simulation modelling. A goal-programming model is then utilized to formulate the problem and to assign priorities to the objectives. Finally, a genetic algorithm (FA) based model is applied to solve the combination problem, as the formulated problem is difficult to be solved. The model proposed in this paper determines the most appropriate FMSs combination and facilitates decision making of such a hard problem.